Developmental & Computational Affective Cognition Lab

University of Toronto Scarborough

* These electronic articles are posted for individual, non-commercial use to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly work. They are intended for teaching and training purposes only. Downloading a document should be considered a request by you for a single copy. Articles may not be reposted or disseminated without permission by the copyright holder. Copyright holders retain all rights as indicated within each article.


  • Wu, Y., Schulz, L. E., Frank, M. C., & Gweon, H. (2021). Emotion as information in early social learning. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 30(6), 468-475. [PDF] [Preprint]

  • Doan, T., Ong, D. C., & Wu, Y. (in prep). Emotion understanding as third-person appraisals: Integrating appraisal theories with developmental theories of emotion.

Emotion as information about the physical world

  • Wu, Y., Muentener, P., & Schulz, L. E. (2017). One- to four-year-olds connect diverse positive emotional vocalizations to their probable causes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(45), 11896-11901. [PDF]

  • Wu, Y. & Gweon, H. (2021). Preschool-aged children jointly consider others’ emotional expressions and prior knowledge to decide when to explore. Child Development, 92(3), 862-870. [Preprint] [PDF] [SI] [Repository]

  • Wu, Y., Merrick, M., & Gweon, H. (in revision). Infants use others' surprise as vicarious prediction error. [Preprint]

Emotion as information about the social world

  • Wu, Y. & Schulz, L. E. (2020). Understanding social display rules: Using one person's emotional expressions to infer the desires of another. Child Development, 91(5), 1786-1799. [PDF] [Repository]

  • Wu, Y. & Schulz, L. (2018). Inferring beliefs and desires from emotional reactions to anticipated and observed events. Child Development, 89(2), 649-662. [PDF] [Repository]

  • Wu, Y., Haque, J. A., & Schulz, L. E. (2018). Children can use others' emotional expressions to infer their knowledge and predict their behaviors in classic false belief tasks. In C. Kalish, M. Rau, J. Zhu, & T. T. Rogers (Eds.), Proceedings of the 40th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1193-1198). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. [PDF]

  • Asaba, M.*, Wu, Y.*, Carrillo, B., & Gweon, H. (2020). You're surprised at her success? Inferring competence from emotional responses to performance outcomes. In Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2650-2656). (*Co-first authors) [PDF] [Repository] [Preprint]

Computational models

  • Wu, Y., Baker, C. L., Tenenbaum, J. B., & Schulz, L. E. (2018). Rational inference of beliefs and desires from emotional expressions. Cognitive Science, 42(3), 850-884. [PDF] [SI] [Repository]

  • Wu, Y.*, Tessler, M. H.*, Asaba, M., Zhu, P., Gweon, H., & Frank, M. C. (2021). Integrating emotional expressions with utterances in pragmatic inference. In Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2260-2266). (*Co-first authors) [PDF] [Repository]

Mapping emotional expressions to emotion labels

  • Wu, Y., Matteson, H. M., Baker, C., & Frank, M. C. (under review). Angry, sad, or scared? Within-valence mapping of emotion words to facial and body cues in 2- to 4-year old children. [Preprint]

Methods paper

  • Chuey, A., Asaba, M., Bridgers, S., Carrillo, B., Dietz, G., Garcia, T., Leonard, J., Liu, S., Merrick, M., Radwan, S., Stegall, J., Velez, N., Woo, B., Wu, Y., Zhou, X., Frank, M. C., Gweon H. (2021). Moderated Online Data-Collection for Developmental Research: Methods and Replications. Frontiers in Psychology, 4968. [PDF]

  • Singh, L., Barokova, M., Baumgartner, H. A., Lopera, D., Omane, P., Sheskin, M., Yuen, F., Wu, Y., … Frank, M. C. (under review). A Unified Approach to Demographic Data Collection for Research with Young Children Across Diverse Cultures. [Preprint]

Other work on children's causal reasoning

  • Wu, Y., Muentener, P., & Schulz, L. (2016). The invisible hand: Toddlers connect probabilistic events with agentive causes. Cognitive Science, 40(8), 1854-1876. [PDF] [OSF]

  • Wu, Y., Schulz, L. E, & Saxe, R. (2018). Toddlers connect emotional responses to epistemic states. In Proceedings of the 40th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2711-2716). [PDF]